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酒店的历史发展

时间:2015-10-29 浏览次数:271次 作者:

  发展阶段
  生产力的发展促进了酒店行业的发展。首先是货币的产生,商品交易及商人的商业活动,这种活动的产生是酒店开端的必备条件,后来随着商品活动使人类扩大活动的范围,从而产生居住等更多的需求,也就使酒店的基本功能日益增加,这从酒店的四个发展阶段不难发现。
  客栈时期
  产生于十八世纪前,当时名称是客栈,设备简陋,安全性差,仅能提供住、吃,服务质量差。
  豪华酒店时期
  产生于十九世纪初,当时英国的产业革命促进了生产力的发展,使人类社会进入工业时代。第一家豪华旅馆别墅在法国建成。此时酒店的接待对象主要是王公贵族、达官显贵、商人、上流社会度假者,接待目的为非盈利,常建于城市,铁路沿线。
  同时由于蒸汽机的出现,商品的进一步丰富,交通也开始发达,从而导致酒店的开设位置有所变化。
  商业酒店时期
  在20世纪初至二战期间,第一家商业酒店在美国出现,其位置在于城市中心或公路旁,此时的酒店已能提供舒适、便利、清洁的服务,安全为服务宗旨,价格合理。此时汽车酒店已开始出现。
  现代酒店时期
  始于20世纪40年代,直到现在。此时的酒店具有一些明显的特点,如酒店连锁经营。

  用高科技(在客房装上互联网、使用新型的装饰材料等);同时宾客要求酒店提供更为个性化的服务。酒店的市场定位更为专业化、各类型酒店充分。

  Development stage
  The development of productive forces promotes the development of the hotel industry. The first is the production of money, commodity trading and business activities, this activity is a prerequisite for the beginning of the hotel, and later with the commodity activities to expand the scope of activities, so as to produce more demand for living, but also make the basic functions of the hotel is increasing, which is not difficult to find from the four stages of the development of the hotel.
  Inn period
  Produced in eighteenth Century, when the name is the inn, the device is simple, safe, only to provide live, eat, service quality.
  Luxury hotel period
  Produced in the early nineteenth Century, when the British Industrial Revolution promoted the development of productive forces, so that the human society into the industrial era. The first luxury hotel villa built in france. At hotel reception object is mainly nobles and high dignitaries, businessmen, genteel holiday makers and hosting is a non-profit, often built in the city along the railway line.
  At the same time, due to the emergence of the steam engine, the product is more abundant, the transportation is also developed, which leads to the hotel's opening position to change.
  The Commercial Hotel
  In the early twentieth Century to World War II, the first The Commercial Hotel in the United States, its location is located in the city center or the road, this time, the hotel has been able to provide comfort, convenience, clean service, security for the purpose of service, reasonable price. At this point the Hotel Car has begun to appear.
  Moderno Hotel
  Began in 1940s, until now. At this time the hotel has some obvious characteristics, such as hotel chain management.
  With high technology (in the guest room on the Internet, using a new type of decoration materials, etc.); at the same time, the guests require more personalized service. The hotel's market position is more professional, each type hotel.

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